Coordinate System Types Used In Engineering And Maths

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In history, there are different types of coordinate systems are developed. According to the application, a suitable coordinate system can be selected. You can find out detailed information about the coordinate systems in this article. 

Coordinate System Types

  • Cartesian Coordinate Systems: This type of coordinate system is the most commonly used coordinate system in different calculations. These cartesian coordinate systems can be used in both 2D and 3D positioning. Absolute and relative positionings are also very common in cartesian coordinate systems. 
  • Polar Coordinate Systems: Polar coordinate systems are suitable for the 2D positionings. It has a different logic other than cartesian coordinate systems. The values to define the position of a point are angle and radius. Relative and absolute positionings are possible for polar coordinate systems also. 
  • Cylindrical Coordinate Systems: Cylindrical coordinate system is the same as the polar coordinate system. But the cylindrical coordinate system is produced for 3D positioning and it includes the radius and two angle values. 
  • Spherical Coordinate Systems: Spherical coordinate system is another type of coordinate system developed for 3D space positioning. It includes radius and two angle values like cylindrical coordinate systems. But it has a different notation from that. 

Coordinate systems are very common in CAD and CAM environments also. These programs come with different coordinate system types that you can use according to your application. 


These are the general coordinate system types that are used in different calculations in engineering. 

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